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Yocto debugging commands

Notes about some useful Yocto debugging commands

Checking owner of installed files

Assuming that build environments is ready(which means you can run bitbake normally), using oe-pkgdata-util can help to find the recipe who populated it. i.e:

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oe-pkgdata-util find-path /lib/ld-2.28.so
glibc: /lib/ld-2.28.so

/lib/ld-2.28.so was installed by glibc

Checking packages are going to install

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bitbake -g <image> && cat pn-buildlist | grep -ve "native" | sort | uniq

Checking packages installed

There are several .manifest files under the path of built images, which contained packages has been installed.

Checking variables inside recipes

bb.utils.contains can help to check variables inside recipes. i.e. we’d like to install some files base on MACHINE_FEATURES :

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do_install() {
if ${@bb.utils.contains('MACHINE_FEATURES','ethernet','true','false',d)}; then
install -d ${D}${systemd_unitdir}/network/
install -m 0644 ${WORKDIR}/10-eth.network ${D}${systemd_unitdir}/network/
fi

if ${@bb.utils.contains('MACHINE_FEATURES','wifi','true','false',d)}; then
install -d ${D}${systemd_unitdir}/network/
install -m 0644 ${WORKDIR}/51-wlan.network ${D}${systemd_unitdir}/network/
fi
}

Below is the python code from openembedded, which explains usage of this function:

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def contains(variable, checkvalues, truevalue, falsevalue, d):
"""Check if a variable contains all the values specified.
Arguments:

variable -- the variable name. This will be fetched and expanded (using
d.getVar(variable)) and then split into a set().

checkvalues -- if this is a string it is split on whitespace into a set(),
otherwise coerced directly into a set().

truevalue -- the value to return if checkvalues is a subset of variable.

falsevalue -- the value to return if variable is empty or if checkvalues is
not a subset of variable.

d -- the data store.
"""