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Yocto: systemd

As a replacement of System V init, systemd has been supported by Yocto long time ago. Let’s take a look at how to implement a Yocto recipe for systemd services.

Prepare .service file

An example of service config file mydaemon.service:

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[Unit]
Description=My Daemon

[Service]
User=root
Group=root
Type=simple
ExecStart=/my_daemon/my_daemon_start.sh
StandardOutput=null

Write a systemd recipe

First of all, don’t forget add your service file into source files:

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SRC_URI = " \
git://${${PN}_REPO};name=${PN};protocol=http;nobranch=1;destsuffix=git/${PN} \
file://mydaemon.service \
"

As you can see I put service file and application source code separately. You can put service file into your source code git repo as well.

Then to add systemd into Yocto recipe, you need to inherit your recipe from systemd class:

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inherit systemd

BTW Yocto support multiple inheritance, in my case I was trying to setup a cmake based application as a startup application when system booting up, so :

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inherit cmake systemd

Notice: Here is a short introduction from Yocto reference manual

The systemd class provides support for recipes that install systemd unit files.
The functionality for this class is disabled unless you have “systemd” in DISTRO_FEATURES.
Under this class, the recipe or Makefile (i.e. whatever the recipe is calling during the do_install task) installs unit files into ${D}${systemd_unitdir}/system. If the unit files being installed go into packages other than the main package, you need to set SYSTEMD_PACKAGES in your recipe to identify the packages in which the files will be installed.
You should set SYSTEMD_SERVICE to the name of the service file. You should also use a package name override to indicate the package to which the value applies. If the value applies to the recipe’s main package, use ${PN}. Here is an example from the connman recipe:

SYSTEMD_SERVICE_${PN} = "connman.service"

Services are set up to start on boot automatically unless you have set SYSTEMD_AUTO_ENABLE to “disable”.

For more information on systemd, see the “Selecting an Initialization Manager” section in the Yocto Project Development Manual.

As you can see, we should set SYSTEMD_SERVICE to the name of the service file.

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SYSTEMD_SERVICE_${PN} = "mydaemon.service"

The last step is write a do_install task to install our services into target. The problem is in my scenario, cmake class already provided a do_install task, if we just override do_install task as below:

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do_install() {
install -D -p -m0644 ${WORKDIR}/mydaemon.service \
${D}${systemd_unitdir}/system/mydaemon.service
}

cmake install task will not be executed. To fix this, we need to add cmake_do_install into overridden do_install task:

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do_install() {
cmake_do_install
install -D -p -m0644 ${WORKDIR}/mydaemon.service \
${D}${systemd_unitdir}/system/mydaemon.service
}

Then cmake install task will be executed, mydaemon.service will be installed and setup as well.