A strange issue was found on my Debian PC that adb devices can’t find any device meanwhile lsusb can find the device I need.
Copy the first 4 characters of your device ID when you type lsusb (mark it as red):
Bus 002 Device 006: ID 18d1:4e26 Google Inc.
Add it into file ~/.android/adb_usb.ini or create it if it doesn’t exist:
# ANDROID 3RD PARTY USB VENDOR ID LIST -- DO NOT EDIT.
After that, you need to restart your adb server:
$ adb kill-server
Now it can be detected by adb devices